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Political Dynamics of the Second Session of the 118th Congress

The first session of the 118th Congress was historically unproductive. Only 35 measures were signed into law, with only the Fiscal Responsibility Act and the Defense Authorization Act of significant note. Several major items on the agenda—border security, foreign aid, tax extenders—saw no floor action, while others—the Farm bill, FAA reauthorization, the FY24 appropriations—


Back to the Future for Appropriations Procedures in the 118th Congress?

President Biden released the President’s Budget last week and with it, the federal appropriations process has lurched to a start.  In the modern era, we have come to expect to see late introduction of the President’s budget, forgoing passing a budget resolution by the budget committees (“deeming” them instead), and the failure to pass individual


Student Loan Debt Relief is a Big Deal – for Congress

On August 24th, President Biden announced a plan to provide student loan debt relief. The policy will include debt cancellation of up to $20,000 for Pell Grant recipients and up to $10,000 for non- Pell Grant debt, for anyone with an income less than $125,000 ($250,000 for married couples). In addition, future monthly payments


Appropriations Update and Continuing Resolutions

Where are we with government funding?   It’s déjà vu all over again, as Congress passes another Continuing Resolution (CR).  The FY2022 congressional appropriations process—which will provide funding for the federal government from October 1, 2021 until September 30, 2022—is once again delaying final action. After its failure to enact full year appropriations bills by October


Democrats in disarray? The surprisingly normal politics of infrastructure negotiations

On August 24th, the House adopted S.Con.Res.14, the congressional budget resolution for Fiscal Year 2022 previously adopted by the Senate on August 11th, setting up consideration of a $3.5T package of spending under the reconciliation process. The budget resolution was adopted 220-212 in the House and 50-49 in the Senate, with every Democrat


The Senate with Greg Koger test

Josh and Matt and special guest Greg Koger discuss the Senate, congressional dysfunction, and some Florida politics. Greg is Professor of Political Science at Miami University, and the author of Filibustering: A Political History of Obstruction in the House and Senate. You can find him on Twitter @GregoryKoger.


Earmarks with Kevin Kosar

Mark and Matt sit down with Kevin Kosar, Resident Scholar at AEI, to discuss earmarks.


Budget and Appropriations Politics with Caitlin Emma

Mark and Matt sit down with Caitlin Emma (@caitlinzemma), budget and appropriations reporter at Politico, to talk COVID relief, Shalanda Young for OMB Director, and the possible end of the earmark ban.


Three dynamics to watch in the 117th Congress

The 117th Congress began in earnest on January 20th with the swearing-in of President Biden. Here are three political dynamics to keep an eye on in the coming weeks. Party government vs. bipartisanship. The 117th Congress begins with the Democrats having majorities in both the House and Senate. This makes President Biden the fifth President


Elections Matter

On Tuesday, the United States will hold its 117th biennial federal election to fill seats in the House of Representatives and Senate, as well as its 59th quadrennial election to fill the office of President of the United States. Representatives elected will serve in the 117th Congress, from January 3, 2021 until January 3, 2023;


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