Revise & Extend Blog



Revise and Extend is a blog dedicated to providing practical and academic perspectives on congressional policy, politics, and procedure. Managed by the faculty and staff at the Government Affairs Institute at Georgetown University, and in line with our organization’s mission, we hope this blog is an important source of information for individuals wanting to know more about congressional operations, member behavior, and, more broadly, American politics.

GAI is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization, conducting courses on Capitol Hill since 1965. For thirty years, GAI was part of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management. In 1995 GAI was privatized by the federal government, and in 1997 it became affiliated with Georgetown University and the McCourt School of Public Policy. GAI’s mission is to provide education and training about congressional processes, organization, and practices, and about selected legislative policy issues.

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Latest Posts

Reprogramming Funds: Understanding the Appropriators’ Perspective

Kenneth Gold | July 30, 2012

By Michelle Mrdeza, Adjunct GAI Faculty and Guest Contributor, and Kenneth Gold, GAI Director Reprogramming funds within accounts is often essential for agencies as they cope with changing circumstances affecting their programs. But getting permission is anything but a “given”. As a result, it is crucial for agency officials to understand both their agency guidance

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Parsing the Supreme Court’s Decision

Susan Sullivan Lagon | July 5, 2012

In terms of public policy, the Supreme Court’s 5:4 decision to uphold the bulk of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is an enormous victory for President Obama and the 111th Congress that enacted it. Politically, it may be a wash—for Obama and Democrats, it’s a relief to have the High Court’s seal

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All Eyes On The Supreme Court

Susan Sullivan Lagon | June 19, 2012

Capitol Hill’s collective gaze is fixed upon the Supreme Court, which is poised to announce decisions on several cases by the end of its term in late June. The marquee event, of course, is the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Will the Court invalidate the signature accomplishment of the Democratic

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Changes to Both Hatch Act and Anti-Lobbying Act You Should Be Aware Of

Kenneth Gold | May 31, 2012

Both the Hatch Act, initially signed into law in 1939, and the Anti-Lobbying Act, initially signed into law in 1919, seek to place limits on federal government personnel regarding partisan political activities and lobbying Congress. Recent changes in both laws make it more likely that federal personnel may be found in violation of the statutes,

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